New Zealand's minerals
Find out more about New Zealand’s minerals.
New Zealand contains a wide variety of mineral deposits both onshore and offshore that reflect its dynamic tectonic history.
New Zealand's ongoing tectonic deformation and metamorphism, diverse volcanic complexes, active geothermal systems, and classic schist belts provide a natural laboratory for the processes and controls involved in ore formation.
The main minerals include coal, gold, silver, ironsand, aggregate, limestone, clay, dolomite, pumice, salt, serpentinite, zeolite and bentonite.
In addition, there are resources or potential for deposits of titanium (ilmenite beachsands), sulphur, phosphate, silica, platinum and mercury.
Extensive metallogenic mapping has documented a range of deposit types including epithermal gold-silver, orogenic gold, porphyry copper-gold and molybnenum, lead-zinc skarns, placer gold, and shoreline placer iron-vanadium and titanium.
Download New Zealand maps for the distribution of the following resources:
- B.Thompson, B. Brathwaite and T.Christie, 1995. Mineral Wealth of New Zealand. 170p.
- R Brathwaite, F Pirajno, 1993. Metallogenic map of New Zealand. 215p., 2 maps, 4 sheets showing 39 maps.
Buy these books at our GNS Science Store
New Zealand Minerals Information Pack (Crown minerals): AVAILABLE FREE!
- Epithermal Gold in New Zealand: GIS Data Package and Prospectivity Modelling (above right)
- Mesothermal Gold in New Zealand: GIS Data Package and Prospectivity Modelling (above left)
- Introduction to Mineral Resources
- Mineral Resources of New Zealand 2009
GNS Science and NIWA have been studying New Zealand's offshore mineral resources to gain a better understanding of their evolution and economic value.
The Māori people are the indigenous people of Aotearoa/New Zealand. As such, Māori have developed a deep understanding and knowledge of the natural environment.